Research into microscopic structure and essential oils of endemic medicinal plant species Satureja subspicata Bartl. ex Vis. (Lamiaceae)

  • Sulejman Redžić Lab. of Natural Products, Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sarajevo
  • Mijat Tuka Private Pharmacy "Kiseljak"
  • Anisa Pajević Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sarajevo
Keywords: plant anatomy, essential oil, thin layer chromatography (TLC), Bosnia and Herzegovina, endemic plant, stomata index, thymol

Abstract

In this study we looked into the cells and histological organization of leaves (Saturejae folium) as well as a phyto-chemical composition of overground parts (Saturejae herba) of endemic species Satureja subspicata Bartl. ex Vis. (Lamiaceae) collected during year 2003 on south slopes of mountain Velez in Herzegovina. Microscopic organization was analyzed in wet slides using light microscope. Estimation of stomata index was done according to Ph. Yug. IV. Chemical composition of overground material extracts was determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC) using thymol as a reference. In our research we found the following: Leaf structure of the analyzed species Satureja subspicata points at numerous specificities in anatomical and histological sense. In histological sense, leaf is of ventral type, with differentiated upper and lower epidermis and palisade and spongy tissue in between. Stoma index assigned according to Ph. Yug. IV leads to a conclusion that it is the case of diastitic stomata, which is common feature of most species from Lamiaceae family. Comparative qualitative analysis of essential oils in species Satureja subspicata showed similarities with other species from Lamiaceae family such as Thymus L. (thymol). In fact, we found more common substances that are part of the species Satureja montana L. extract, but in different concentrations.

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Published
2008-05-20
How to Cite
1.
Redžić S, Tuka M, Pajević A. Research into microscopic structure and essential oils of endemic medicinal plant species Satureja subspicata Bartl. ex Vis. (Lamiaceae). Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2008May20 [cited 2019Jul.23];6(2):25-1. Available from: http://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/3169
Section
Pharmacology