The effects of McKenzie and Brunkow exercise program on spinal mobility comparative study

  • Emela Mujić Skikić Physiotherapy Department - Rashid Hospital
  • Suad Trebinjac Physiotherapy Department - Rashid Hospital
  • Dijana Avdić Orthopaedic and Trauma Clinic “KCU Sarajevo”
  • Slavica Čakota Institute for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sarajevo
Keywords: McKenzie, Brunkow, exercises, dynamic, isometric, spinal mobility


This study encompassed 64 participants with symptoms of low back pain, 33 in McKenzie group and 31 in Brunkow group. Patients attended exercise program daily and they were asked to do the same exercise at home--five times a day in series of 5 to 10 repetition each time, depending of stage of disease and pain intensity. All patients were assessed for the spinal motion, before and after the treatment. All parameters for spinal movements showed improvement after exercising McKenzie program for lower back pain with a significant difference of p<0.01 for all motions. Also, in Brunkow group, all of the parameters showed statistically significant improvement at the end of treatment in relation to pre-treatment values, with significant difference of p<0.01 for all motions. Statistically comparison between McKenzie and Brunkow difference in score at the end of the treatment showed statistically significant improvement in McKenzie group, for extension, right and left side flexion, while flexion score didn't show statistically significant difference. McKenzie exercises seemed to be more effective than Brunkow exercises for improvement in spinal motion. Both, McKenzie and Brunkow exercises can be used for spinal mobility improvement in patients with lower back pain, but is preferable to use McKenzie exercises first, to decrease the pain and increase spinal mobility, and then Brunkow exercises to strengthen the paravertebral muscles.


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How to Cite
Mujić Skikić E, Trebinjac S, Avdić D, Čakota S. The effects of McKenzie and Brunkow exercise program on spinal mobility comparative study. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2004Feb.20 [cited 2020Apr.8];4(1):62-8. Available from:
Translational and Clinical Research