Prevalence of 1691G>A FV mutation in Poland compared with that in other Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European countries

  • Grażyna Adler Department of Medical Biology, Pomeranian Medical University
  • Jeremy S C Clark Department of Clinical and Molecular Biochemistry, Pomeranian Medical University
  • Beata Łoniewska Department of Neonatal Diseases, Pomeranian Medical University
  • Ewa Czerska Central Laboratory, Regional Hospital
  • Nermin N Salkic Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Clinical Center Tuzla
  • Andrzej Ciechanowicz Department of Clinical and Molecular Biochemistry, Pomeranian Medical University
Keywords: Factor V, FV Leiden, centroids

Abstract

The 1691G>A FV variant has been described as a common genetic risk factor in venous thromboembolism. The purpose of this study was to provide a further frequency value for 1691G>A FV in Poland and to collate summary data from Central (Poland, Czech, Slovakia), Eastern (Russia, Belarus, Ukraine) and South-Eastern (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bulgaria) European countries. For this purpose in 2007 the 1691G>A FV variant was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism from DNA collected in 2005-2006. We studied 650 subjects: 400 newborns and 250 older individuals (mean age 46.1 y) from Poland and compared results with reports from other countries, as well as with the frequency trend of 845G>A HFE across South-Eastern European countries using centroid cities. From our 1691G>A FV study we identified 626 GG homozygotes, 23 GA heterozygotes, and i AA homozygote (n = 650), giving an A allele frequency of 1.9%, and a summed frequency value for Poland of 2.0% (n = 1588); the frequency in Central European countries was 3.9% (n = 4559), mostly due to the high value in the Czech Republic: 5.1% (n = 2819); the South-Eastern European countries had 2.5% (n = 2410). Among the Eastern European countries the 1691G>A FV allele frequency was 1.9% (n=791), between the South-Eastern and Eastern European countries there was no significant difference (p=0.17). We confirm that the 1691G>A FV allele frequency in Poland, as well as other countries compared, is significantly lower than that in Czech.

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Published
2012-05-20
How to Cite
1.
Adler G, S C Clark J, Łoniewska B, Czerska E, N Salkic N, Ciechanowicz A. Prevalence of 1691G>A FV mutation in Poland compared with that in other Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European countries. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2012May20 [cited 2019Jun.19];12(2):50-4. Available from: http://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/2500
Section
Molecular Biology

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