DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17305/bjbms.2017.2020 | Full Text: [PDF]

Differential diagnosis of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS): Portopulmonary hypertension (PPH) and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT)

Inna Krynytska, Mariya Marushchak, Anna Mikolenko, Anzhela Bob, Iryna Smachylo, Ludmyla Radetska, Olga Sopel

Abstract


Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a severe complication of advanced liver disease associated with an extremely poor prognosis. HPS is diagnosed in 4-47% of patients with cirrhosis and in 15-20% of candidates for liver transplantation. In addition, severe hypoxia is associated with a high risk of complications of liver transplantation (a 30% chance during the first 90 days) and increases the gap between transplantation and improving arterial oxygenation. The pathogenesis of HPS is not fully understood, and no effective pharmacological treatment has been developed yet. Currently, the treatment of choice for HPS is orthotopic liver transplantation. Non-specific clinical criteria and the lack of standardized diagnostic criteria for determining HPS can lead to diagnostic errors. Portopulmonary hypertension and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, also known as Osler–Weber–Rendu syndrome, are pulmonary complications of liver disease which should be differentially diagnosed from HPS.


Keywords


Hepatopulmonary syndrome; differential diagnosis; portopulmonary hypertension; hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia; PPH; HPS; HHT; orthotopic liver transplantation; OLT

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References


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