Craniosynostosis - Recognition, clinical characteristics, and treatment


  • Nina Kajdic Chair of Surgery, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Peter Spazzapan Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Tomaz Velnar Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia



Craniosynostosis, development, classification, diagnosis, treatment


Craniosynostosis is a developmental craniofacial anomaly, resulting in impairment of brain development and abnormally shaped skull. The main cause of craniosynostosis is premature closure of one or more cranial sutures. It usually occurs as an isolated condition, but may also be associated with other malformations as part of complex syndromes. When left untreated, craniosynostosis can cause serious complications, such as developmental delay, facial abnormality, sensory, respiratory and neurological dysfunction, anomalies affecting the eye, and psychological disturbances. Thus, early diagnosis, expert surgical techniques, postoperative care, and adequate follow-up are of vital importance in treating craniosynostosis.


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Author Biographies

  • Nina Kajdic, Chair of Surgery, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Department of Neurosurgery
  • Peter Spazzapan, Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Department of Neurosurgery
  • Tomaz Velnar, Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Department of Neurosurgery


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Craniosynostosis - Recognition, clinical characteristics, and treatment


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Craniosynostosis - Recognition, clinical characteristics, and treatment. Biomol Biomed [Internet]. 2018 May 20 [cited 2024 May 19];18(2):110-6. Available from: