Brucellosis of Ruminants in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Disease Status, Past Experiences and Initiation of a New Surveillance Strategy
Keywords:brucellosis, ruminants, surveillance
The current animal health situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina requires the prioritization of diseases for the application of control measures. One of the diseases requiring high priority is brucellosis of ruminants. Brucellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease and one of the most important zoonoses in the world. Brucellosis has been recognized during the past five decades as an important infectious disease in ruminants in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Control and eradication of brucellosis in animals is based on test and slaughter control policy. When the existing brucellosis control program was instituted, the veterinary and animal production sector was almost exclusively owned by the government, an arrangement that promoted compliance with the program and resulted in the successful control of the disease.
This paper provides an overview of the current institutional and legislative framework for brucellosis control including the laboratory detection system and the epidemiological status of brucellosis in ruminants in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Relevant data were collected during the period spanning from the beginning of 2001 until the middle of 2007.
Data we collected reveal an increase in the number of reported outbreaks in ruminants as well as a related increase in the number of human cases.
This has brought serious consequences to public health, animal health and production and international trade.