Osteoporosis - Current Trends in Diagnosis and Management

  • Indira Kulenović Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, Clinical Centre University of Sarajevo
  • Senija Rašić Institute of Nephrology, Clinical Centre University of Sarajevo
  • Elvedin Kulenović Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Louisville Hospital
Keywords: osteoporosis, bone mineral density, pharmacotherapy

Abstract

Osteoporosis (OP) is a generalized skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD), deterioration of the microarchitecture of bone tissue and susceptibility to fracture. Most frequently it occurs in postmenopausal women and the aged. It is a chronic condition of multifactorial etiology and is a major global healthcare problem in developed and rising in developing countries. Patients with uncomplicated OP are usually asymptomatic which contributes to serious under-diagnosing of this potentially devastating condition. It is estimated that less than half of patients with OP are diagnosed in many developed countries. Therefore preventive measures and timely diagnosis have to be a key aspect of management of this disorder. In this article we briefly underline pato-physiology of the disorder, review current methods of measuring bone mineral density, describe risk factors and evaluate current and potential therapies.

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Published
2006-02-20
How to Cite
1.
Kulenović I, Rašić S, Kulenović E. Osteoporosis - Current Trends in Diagnosis and Management. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2006Feb.20 [cited 2019Apr.19];6(1):24-8. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/3205
Section
Reviews