Monomeric C-reactive protein affects cell injury and apoptosis through activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in human coronary artery endothelial cells

  • Yong Zhang Department of Vasculocardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China
  • Hongxia Cao Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China
Keywords: C-reactive protein, cell injury, cell apoptosis, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, human coronary artery endothelial cells

Abstract

C-reactive protein (CRP) is an important predictor of cardiovascular events and plays a role in vascular inflammation and vessel damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pentameric CRP (pCRP) and monomeric CRP (mCRP) on the production of atherosclerosis-re­lated factors in cultured human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs). HCAECs were treated with pCRP, mCRP, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor SB203580, or transfected with p38 MAPK siRNA. Western blotting was performed to detect the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), intercellular adhesion molecule-2 (ICAM-2) and vascular cell adhe­sion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Proliferation, damage, and apoptosis of HCAECs were examined using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and flow cytometry, respectively. mCRP suppressed VEGF and COX-2 expression and enhanced ICAM-2 and VCAM-1 expression in HCAECs, in both dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Except at 100 μg/ml concen­tration and 20-hour or 24-hour incubation, pCRP had no apparent effects. mCRP but not pCRP induced HCAEC injury and phosphorylation of p38 MAPK, and the inhibitor SB203580 reversed the effects of mCRP. mCRP promotes injury and apoptosis of HCAECs through a p38 MAPK-dependent mechanism, which provides a new therapy for the injury of HCAECs in atherosclerosis.

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Monomeric C-reactive protein affects cell injury and apoptosis through activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in human coronary artery endothelial cells
Published
2020-04-30
How to Cite
1.
Zhang Y, Cao H. Monomeric C-reactive protein affects cell injury and apoptosis through activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in human coronary artery endothelial cells. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2020Apr.30 [cited 2020Aug.7];. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/4711
Section
Molecular Biology