The role of cytoreductive nephrectomy in renal cell carcinoma patients with liver metastasis

  • Boda Guo Department of Urology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology; Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8373-4584
  • Shengjing Liu Department of Andrology, Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2828-0959
  • Miao Wang Department of Urology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology; Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3252-897X
  • Huimin Hou Department of Urology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology; Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2828-0959
  • Ming Liu Department of Urology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology; Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; Graduate School of Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9557-5488
Keywords: Cytoreductive nephrectomy, renal cell carcinoma, liver metastasis

Abstract

It is widely accepted that renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with liver metastasis (LM) carries a dismal prognosis. We aimed to explore the value of cytoreductive nephrectomy among these patients. Patients were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2010 and 2017. The univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were conducted to select the prognostic predictors of survival. Patients were divided into nephrectomy and non-nephrectomy groups. Propensity score-matching (PSM) analyses were applied to reduce the above factors’ differences between the groups. Overall survival (OS) was compared by Kaplan–Meier analyses. Data from 683 patients were extracted from the database. The univariate Cox regression and multivariate Cox regression revealed that factors including age, histologic type, T and N stages, lung metastasis, brain metastasis, and nephrectomy were significant predictors of survival in the patients. After the PSM analyses, we found that nephrectomy prolonged OS. Nephrectomy can prolong OS in eligible RCC patients with LM.

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The role of cytoreductive nephrectomy in renal cell carcinoma patients with liver metastasis
Published
2020-07-23
How to Cite
1.
Guo B, Liu S, Wang M, Hou H, Liu M. The role of cytoreductive nephrectomy in renal cell carcinoma patients with liver metastasis. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2020Jul.23 [cited 2020Aug.7];. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/4896
Section
Translational and Clinical Research