Construction and validation of prognostic nomogram for metaplastic breast cancer

  • Yongfeng Li Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Key Lab of Zhejiang Biotherapy, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China ; Department of General Surgery, Breast Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, Affiliated People’s Hospital, Hangzhou Medical college, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Daobao Chen Department of Breast Surgery, Institute of Cancer Research and Basic Medical Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Haojun Xuan Department of Breast Surgery, Institute of Cancer Research and Basic Medical Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Mihnea P. Dragomir Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA; Institute of Pathology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany; Center for RNA Interference and Non-Coding RNAs, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5550-3516
  • George A. Calin Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA; Center for RNA Interference and Non-Coding RNAs, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States
  • Xuli Meng Department of General Surgery, Breast Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, Affiliated People’s Hospital, Hangzhou Medical college, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
  • Meng Chen Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA; Center for RNA Interference and Non-Coding RNAs, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States
  • Hongchuan Jin Laboratory of Cancer Biology, Key Lab of Zhejiang Biotherapy, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3387-5511
Keywords: Metaplastic breast cancer, nomogram, overall survival, cancer-specific survival

Abstract

In this study we aimed to develop nomogram models for predicting the overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) of patients with metaplastic breast cancer (MBC). Data of patients diagnosed with MBC from 1973 to 2015 were collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to identify independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS of MBC patients. The obtained prognostic variables were combined to construct nomogram models for predicting OS and CSS in patients with MBC. Model performance was evaluated using concordance index (C-index) and calibration plots. Data from 1125 patients were collected and divided into a training (750) and a validation (375) cohort. The multivariate Cox model identified age, TNM stage, tumor size, and radiotherapy as independent covariates associated with OS and CSS. The nomogram constructed based on these covariates demonstrated excellent accuracy in estimating 3-, and 5-year OS and CSS, with a C-index of 0.769 (95% CI, 0.731-0.808) for OS and 0.761 (95% CI, 0.713-0.809) for CSS in the training cohort. In the validation cohort, the nomogram-predicted C-index was 0.738 (95%CI, 0.676-0.800) for OS and 0.747 (95%CI, 0.667-0.827) for CSS. All calibration curves exhibited good consistency between predicted and actual survival. The nomogram models established in this study may enhance the accuracy of prognosis prediction and therefore may improve individualized assessment of survival risks and enable constructive therapeutic suggestions.

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Published
2021-06-10
How to Cite
1.
Li Y, Chen D, Xuan H, Dragomir MP, Calin GA, Meng X, Chen M, Jin H. Construction and validation of prognostic nomogram for metaplastic breast cancer. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2021Jun.10 [cited 2021Sep.20];. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/5911
Section
Translational and Clinical Research

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