Trop-2 protein as a therapeutic target: A focused review on Trop-2-based antibody-drug conjugates and their predictive biomarkers

  • Semir Vranic College of Medicine, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research Unit, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9743-7265
  • Zoran Gatalica Department of Pathology, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
Keywords: Trophoblast cell-surface antigen-2, antibody-drug conjugates (ADC), Sacituzumab govitecan, breast cancer, urothelial cancer, predictive biomarkers

Abstract

Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) represent a new class of highly potent antineoplastic drugs built by attaching a small molecule of an anticancer drug (payload) or another therapeutic agent to an antibody recognizing an epitope on the targeted cells. Trophoblast cell-surface antigen-2 (Trop-2) was originally described in trophoblasts and fetal tissues, but subsequently, its overexpression has been demonstrated in various solid malignancies. Sacituzumab govitecan, a conjugate of anti-Trop-2 antibody and SN-38 payload (an active metabolite of irinotecan), is the first in the class that has been clinically validated and approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast (2020) and urothelial carcinomas (2021). In the current review, we summarize and critically appraise the most recent advances with Sacituzumab govitecan, emphasizing the predictive biomarker analysis.

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Published
2021-06-04
How to Cite
1.
Vranic S, Gatalica Z. Trop-2 protein as a therapeutic target: A focused review on Trop-2-based antibody-drug conjugates and their predictive biomarkers. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2021Jun.4 [cited 2021Jun.23];. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/6100
Section
Reviews