Circular RNA circ_0020014 contributes to osteoarthritis progression via miR-613/ADAMTS5 axis
Keywords:ADAMTS5, miR-613, circ_0020014, osteoarthritis
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to be significant regulators in osteoarthritis (OA), whereas the functional effect of circ_0020014 in OA remains unclear. Our goal was to try and understand the underlying regulatory mechanism of circ_0020014 in OA. The cartilage tissue was obtained from OA patients and trauma patients. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-treated chondrocytes (CHON-001) were used as the in vitro cellular model for OA. The expression levels of circ_0020014, microRNA-613 (miR-613), and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 5 (ADAMTS5) were examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The protein level was detected using the western blot assay. Cell viability and apoptosis were measured by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazol-3-ium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry assays, respectively. The secretion of inflammatory cytokine was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Circ_0020014 was upregulated in OA cartilage tissues and IL-1β-treated CHON-001 cells, compared with that in healthy cartilage tissues and untreated cells. IL-1β treatment induced cell injury by promoting inflammation and apoptosis, and inhibiting cell viability and extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation in chondrocytes. Circ_0020014 knockdown significantly protected CHON-001 cells from IL-1β-induced cell dysfunction. MiR-613 was targeted by circ_0020014 and negatively regulated ADAMTS5 expression. In addition, miR-613 downregulation or ADAMTS5 overexpression partly lessened the protective effect of circ_0020014 knockdown on IL-1β-treated CHON-001 cells. Collectively, circ_0020014 acted as a miR-613 sponge to regulate ADAMTS5 expression, thereby protecting chondrocytes from IL-1β-induced inflammatory damage, which might be a novel diagnostic marker for OA.