Reactive oxygen species activated by mitochondria-specific camptothecin prodrug for enhanced chemotherapy

Authors

  • Zhaopei Guo State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China; Key Laboratory of Polymer Ecomaterials, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, China
  • Zian Wang State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China
  • Ruifeng Liang State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China
  • Huayu Tian Key Laboratory of Polymer Ecomaterials, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, China
  • Xuesi Chen Key Laboratory of Polymer Ecomaterials, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, China
  • Meiwan Chen State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau, Macau, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17305/bjbms.2022.7194

Keywords:

Camptothecin prodrug, reactive oxygen species, antitumor therapy

Abstract

Camptothecin (CPT) has attracted much attention due to its potent antitumor activities. However, the undesirable physicochemical properties, including poor water-solubility, unstable lactone ring and severe adverse effects limit its further application. In this study, two water-soluble prodrugs, CPT-lysine (CPTK) and CPT-arginine (CPTR), were designed and synthesized by conjugating lysine or arginine with CPT, improving its solubility, pharmacokinetic properties and tumor penetration. Importantly, the introduction of arginine into CPTR contributed to the mitochondria-specific delivery, which increased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, induced mitochondria dysfunction and enhanced cell apoptosis and in vivo anti-cancer effect. This strategy is believed to hold great potential for organelle-specific synergistic anti-tumor therapy.

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Reactive oxygen species activated by mitochondria-specific camptothecin prodrug for enhanced chemotherapy

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Guo Z, Wang Z, Liang R, Tian H, Chen X, Chen M. Reactive oxygen species activated by mitochondria-specific camptothecin prodrug for enhanced chemotherapy. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2022Jun.30 [cited 2022Aug.18];. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/7194

Issue

Section

Biomaterials