The effects of SCARB2 and SELPLG gene polymorphisms on EV71 infection in hand, foot and mouth disease
Keywords:Hand-foot-and-mouth disease, genetic polymorphism, EV71, SELPLG, SCARB2
The same viral infection in different hosts may result in varying levels of clinical symptoms, which is related to the genetic background of the host itself. A total of 406 common cases and 452 severe cases of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection in Yunnan Province were selected as the research subjects, and SNaPshot technology was used to detect genetic polymorphisms for 25 Tag single-nucleotide polymorphisms (TagSNPs) in the selectin P ligand (SELPLG) and scavenger receptor class B member 2 (SCARB2) genes. Our results demonstrate that SCARB2 polymorphisms (rs74719289, rs3733255 and rs17001551) are related to the severity of EV71 infection (A vs G: OR 0.330; 95% CI 0.115 - 0.947; T vs C: OR 0.336; 95% CI 0.118 - 0.958; and A vs G: OR 0.378; 95% CI 0.145 - 0.984). The SELPLG polymorphisms were not significantly different between common cases and severe cases. Therefore, we conclude that the SCARB2 gene has a protective effect on the course of hand, foot and mouth disease caused by EV71 infection and that SCARB2 gene mutations can reduce the severity of the disease.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Fengyuan Duan, Zengqing Du, Yang Wang, Lan Luo, Lijiang Du, Hong Jiang, Yantuanjin Ma, Yuling Yang
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.