Cytoplasmic amino acid profiles of clinical and ATCC 29213 strains of Staphylococcus aureus harvested at different growth phases
Keywords:Metabolic homeostasis, growth phases, bacterial adaptation, bacterial strains
The objective of the present investigation was to compare potential differences in cytoplasmic amino acid levels between clinical and ATCC 29213 strains of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The two strains were grown under ideal conditions to mid-exponential and stationary growth phases, after which they were harvested to analyze their amino acid profiles. Initially, the amino acid patterns of both strains were compared at the mid-exponential phase when grown in controlled conditions. At the mid-exponential phase, both strains shared common features in cytoplasmic amino acid levels, with glutamic acid, aspartic acid, proline and alanine identified as key amino acids. However, the concentration profiles of seven amino acids exhibited major variances between the strains, even though the total cytoplasmic levels of amino acids did not alter significantly. At the stationary phase, the magnitudes of the amino acids abundant in the mid-exponential phase were altered. Aspartic acid became the most abundant amino acid in both strains accounting for 44% and 59% of the total amino acids in the clinical and ATCC 29213 strains, respectively. Lysine was the second most abundant amino acid in both strains, accounting for 16% of the total cytoplasmic amino acids, followed by glutamic acid, the concentration of which was significantly higher in the clinical strain than in the ATCC 29213 strain. Interestingly, histidine was clearly present in the clinical strain but was virtually lacking in the ATCC 29213 strain. This study reveals the dynamic diversity of amino acid levels among strains, which is an essential step toward illustrating the variability in S. aureus cytoplasmic amino acid profiles and could be significant in explaining variances among strains of S. aureus.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Mousa Alreshidi, Hugh Dunstan, Tim Roberts, Fayez Alreshidi, Ashfaq Hossain, Fevzi Bardakci, Mejdi Snoussi, Riadh Badraoui, Mohd Adnan, Sultan Alouffi, Mohd Saeed
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