Sugammadex and urinary retention after hysterectomy: A propensity-matched cohort study
Keywords:General anesthesia, glycopyrrolate, neuromuscular blocking drugs, sugammadex, urinary retention
Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a well-known complication after gynecologic surgery. Our objective was to investigate whether the choice of pharmacologic agent for reversing neuromuscular blockade at the end of a hysterectomy is a risk factor for POUR. Among adult patients undergoing hysterectomy with general anesthesia from 2012 to 2017, those who received aminosteroid nondepolarizing neuromuscular agents followed by pharmacologic reversal were identified, and electronic health records were reviewed. The cohort was dichotomized into two groups by reversal agent: 1) sugammadex and 2) neostigmine with glycopyrrolate. The primary outcome, POUR, was defined as unplanned postoperative bladder recatheterization. A propensity-adjusted analysis was performed to investigate the association between POUR and reversal agent by using inverse probability of treatment weighting to adjust for potential confounders. We identified 1,974 patients, of whom 1,586 (80.3%) received neostigmine-glycopyrrolate and 388 (19.7%) received sugammadex for reversal of neuromuscular blockade. The frequency of POUR was 24.8% (393/1,586) after reversal with neostigmine-glycopyrrolate and 18.3% (71/388) with sugammadex. Results from the propensity-adjusted analysis showed that sugammadex was associated with a lower POUR risk than neostigmine-glycopyrrolate (odds ratio 0.53, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.37 - 0.76, P < 0.001). A post hoc analysis of sugammadex recipients who received glycopyrrolate for another indication showed a higher POUR risk than among those who did not receive glycopyrrolate (odds ratio 1.86, 95% CI 1.07 - 3.22, P = 0.03). Use of sugammadex to reverse aminosteroid neuromuscular blocking agents is associated with decreased risk of POUR after hysterectomy. A potential mechanism is the omission of glycopyrrolate, which is coadministered with neostigmine to mitigate unwanted cholinergic effects.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Mariana L. De Lima Laporta Miranda, Michelle A. Ochs Kinney, Jamie N. Bakkum-Gamez, Darrell R. Schroeder, Juraj Sprung, Toby N. Weingarten
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