Urinary ATP may be a biomarker of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome and its severity
Keywords:Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), lower abdominal pain, interstitial cystitis/ bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Urinary tract cells respond to bladder distension by releasing adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Patients with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) exhibit elevated urinary ATP levels compared to asymptomatic controls. This study aimed to evaluate the potential of urinary ATP as a non-invasive biomarker for IC/BPS and its correlation with symptom severity. We included 56 patients diagnosed with IC/BPS and 50 asymptomatic controls. Urine samples were collected from both groups. Urinary ATP levels were quantified using the luciferin-luciferase bioluminescence method. The severity of IC/BPS symptoms was assessed using the visual analogue score (VAS), Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index (ICSI), and Interstitial Cystitis Problem Index (ICPI) from the O'Leary-Sant score. We specifically examined the correlation between symptom scores and urinary ATP levels in IC/BPS patients. Urinary ATP levels were significantly higher in IC/BPS patients compared to the control group (P < 0.0001). There was a significant positive correlation between urinary ATP concentrations and VAS, ICPI, and ICSI scores among IC/BPS patients (P < 0.0001). The threshold value for ATP concentration was set at 56.6 nM, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.811 (95% CI 0.730 - 0.892). Our findings indicate that IC/BPS patients excrete elevated amounts of ATP in their urine. This suggests that urinary ATP might serve as a non-invasive biomarker for IC/BPS, with a predictive potential in terms of symptom severity.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Yanyuan Wu, Yedie He, Jun Qi, Song Wang, Zongping Wang
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