Clinical characteristics of rotaviruses disease

  • Šukrija Zvizdić Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo
  • Sađida Telalbašić Clinical Centre, University of Sarajevo
  • Edina Bešlagić Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo
  • Semra Čavaljuga Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo
  • Jasminka Maglajlić Clinical Centre, University of Sarajevo
  • Amra Zvizdić Clinical Centre, University of Sarajevo
  • Sadeta Hamzić Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo
Keywords: clinical, rotavirus, etiological, gastroenteritis, age groups, diarrhea

Abstract

Rotaviruses are the major causes of viral gastroenteritis in infant and the young children. There are a wide spectrum of clinical signs and symptoms of rotavirosis. Rotavirus infection is fecal-oral infection. Rotaviruses prove with Latex agglutination test and electron microscopy. In a four year period 943 stool samples out of 527 hospitalized patients had been analyzed. A presence of rotavirus is proved with a LA and EM tests at 170 (32,2%) patients age 0-7 years, in their stool samples. Analyzing age groups of these patients, it was found that the rotavirusesinfection the most frequently occurred at age group from 7-24 months. From 170 positive patients, 122 or 71,8% were in this age group. At all patients was found diarrhea, vomiting in a 90,5% cases. Mild fever had 65,5% patients, signs of a respiratory infection appeared at 60,7% patients, abdominal pain at 13,3% patients. Severe dehydration had 49,9% patients and metabolic acidosis had 79,2% cases. Macroscopically blood in stool had 6,4% patients, slime in a stool 46,0% patients was found, and aholic stool had 8,4% patients. In all hospitalized patients disease lasted in average 12,6 days, and the hospitalization in average 10,2 days. None of the patient had any kind of complication, all of them very successfully cured. These results confirm that rotaviruses are important health problem among infant and the young children in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Clinical characteristics of rotaviruses disease
Published
2004-05-20
How to Cite
1.
Zvizdić Šukrija, Telalbašić S, Bešlagić E, Čavaljuga S, Maglajlić J, Zvizdić A, Hamzić S. Clinical characteristics of rotaviruses disease. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2004May20 [cited 2020Sep.25];4(2):22-4. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/3409
Section
Microbiology