CLEC11A expression as a prognostic biomarker in correlation to immune cells of gastric cancer
Keywords:Gastric cancer, C‑type lectin domain family 11 member A (CLEC11A), prognosis, immune infiltration, biomarker, M2 macrophages
Gastric cancer (GC) is a prevalent malignant cancer characterized by a poor survival rate. The C-type lectin domain family 11 member A (CLEC11A) is part of the C-type lectin superfamily, and its dysregulation has been implicated in the progression of several cancers. The specific role of CLEC11A and its association with immune infiltration in GC, however, remains unclear. In this study, we employed The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, Tumor IMmune Estimation Resource (TIMER) database, Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), UALCAN, Kaplan–Meier plotter databases, gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), and the CIBERSORT algorithm to investigate CLEC11A expression, its prognostic significance, its association with tumor immune infiltration, and gene function enrichment in GC. We conducted western blotting, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), wound healing, and transwell assays to validate CLEC11A's function. We found that CLEC11A expression was significantly elevated in GC when compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues. Elevated CLEC11A expression was strongly associated with poor survival outcomes and advanced clinicopathological stages. Moreover, heightened CLEC11A expression positively correlated with immunomodulators, chemokines, and the infiltration of immune cells, especially M2 macrophages, in GC. Additionally, CLEC11A silencing suppressed GC cells proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro. Our results elucidate the functions of CLEC11A in GC, suggesting its potential as a valuable prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for GC immunotherapy.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Weidan Fang, Dewen Wan, Yi Yu, Ling Zhang
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