Raised levels of chemerin in women with preeclampsia: A meta-analysis
Keywords:Chemerin, adipokine, preeclampsia (PE), biomarker, meta-analysis
Chemerin is a multifunctional adipokine associated with systemic inflammation, angiogenesis, and oxidative stress. Emerging evidence suggests a potential link between chemerin and the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we aimed to evaluate the serum chemerin levels in women with PE. A systematic search was conducted across Medline, Web of Science, and Embase databases from inception until April 15, 2023, to identify studies comparing serum chemerin levels in pregnant women with and without PE. A random-effects model was employed to pool the results, accounting for heterogeneity. Thirteen datasets from 10 observational studies, encompassing 832 women with PE and 1298 healthy pregnant women, were analyzed. The pooled findings indicated a statistically significant elevation in serum chemerin levels in women with PE compared to controls (mean difference [MD] = 89.56 ng/mL, 95% confidence interval [CI] 62.14 - 116.98; P < 0.001; I2 = 87%). The subgroup analysis revealed consistent findings across studies that measured chemerin levels before or after the diagnosis of PE, studies that did or did not match the body mass index (BMI), and studies with varying quality scores (P values for subgroup differences were all > 0.05). Compared to controls, women with severe PE exhibited a significantly greater increase in serum chemerin levels than those with mild PE (P value for subgroup difference = 0.007). Additionally, meta-regression analysis results suggested that the mean BMI of the included pregnant women might positively modify the difference in circulating chemerin levels between women with and without PE (coefficient = 8.92; P = 0.045). In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggests a positive correlation between elevated serum chemerin levels and PE diagnosis in comparison to pregnant women without the condition.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Yue Xie, Xiaozhen Quan, Xuezhou Yang
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