Evaluation and Importance of Selected Microbiological Methods in the Diagnosis of Human Brucellosis

  • Maida Šiširak Institute of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University of Sarajevo Clinics Centre
  • Mirsada Hukić Institute of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, University of Sarajevo Clinics Centre
Keywords: Brucella spp, brucellosis, laboratory diagnosis

Abstract

Brucellosis is an important public health problem in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The diagnosis of bru-cellosis in the country without any experiences with this kind of infection may be very difficult. The aim of this study was to evaluate diagnostic methods: Rose Bengal test, blood cultures and ELISA IgM and IgG in the patients with brucellosis. The study included 91 brucellosis patients in the period 2004 to 2007. All the patients were treated at the Clinic for Infectious Diseases, University of Sarajevo Clinics Centre. Blood cultures were positive in 28/91 (30, 8%) patients. This method often needs a long period of incubation and specimens need to be obtained early. These limitations make serology the most useful tool for the laboratory diagnosis of Brucella infection. Rose Bengal is a rapid plate agglutination test, very sensitive irrespective of the stage of the disease. In our study, Rose Bengal test was positive in all patients 91/91 (100, 0%). Brucella IgM antibodies with ELISA were positive in 59/91 (64, 8%). Brucella IgG antibodies with ELISA were positive in 51/91 (56%). In order to determine the diagnostic value of the different tests, we compared the sensitivity among test-methods: Rose Bengal test-100.0%, blood culture-30.8%, ELISA IgM-64.8% and ELISA IgG-56.1%. Sensitivity of test methods was different in the different stages of illness. It is necessary to use combination of different tests such are blood culture, Rose Bengal test and ELISA in order to ensure the diagnosis. Rose Bengal test is excellent for the screening. Blood culture is a method of choice for the diagnosis acute infection. ELISA is a very good method for the diagnostic chronic disease and relapse.

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Published
2009-08-20
How to Cite
1.
Šiširak M, Hukić M. Evaluation and Importance of Selected Microbiological Methods in the Diagnosis of Human Brucellosis. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2009Aug.20 [cited 2021Jan.26];9(3):198-03. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/2806
Section
Microbiology