Metabolic Control of Type 1 Diabetes in Children Treated with Insulin Pump Therapy
Keywords:TYPE 1 Diabetes Mellitus, insulin pump, glycosylated haemoglobin, children
In this paper we present study of metabolic control in children suffering from TYPE 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) who use insulin pump (IP) therapy, and who were treated at Paediatric Clinic in Sarajevo.
In retrospective study we followed all T1DM patients with IP therapy introduced in the period from 1st March 2005 to 1st September 2008.
We analyzed their age and sex structure, therapy before IP use, and the metabolic control of T1DM represented with glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) value just before and 6 months after IP therapy introducing.
The total number of observed patients was 39. There were 24 boys (61,5 %) and 15 girls (38,5 %) with the age range between 12,3 ± 3,2 years. Most patients were from age group 8-14 years. In the same number of patients 17 (43,6 %) diabetes duration was less than 5 years and 5-10 years. Before IP introduction most patient 61,5 % use therapy with insulin analogues. Mean value of HbA1c before IP therapy introduction was 8,57±1,65 % and 6 months after IP therapy introduction HbA1c 7,53 ± 0,81 % (p = 0,0009). There was significant reduction HbA1c values even 6 month after IP therapy introduced.
Therapy with IP in children with diabetes was very efficient in achieving therapeutic goal of T1DM treatment (HbA1c<7,0 %) what will protect patients from appearance and progression of chronic micro vascular complications on eyes, kidneys and peripheral nerves.