Computed tomography review of the osseous structures of the orbital apex
Keywords:orbital apex, CT, optic canal, superior orbital fissure, inferior orbital fissure, pterygopalatine fossa, foramen rotundum
In this paper, we described osseous anatomy of the orbital apex using CT in axial and coronal projections. The main osseous landmarks facilitate the evaluation of orbital apex in radiology, especially on the axial and coronal CT scans. These landmarks include so called optic strut, small segment of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone and upper part of the pterygopalatine fossa. We also concentrate attention upon visualisation and review of the optic canal, superior and inferior orbital fissure, pterygopalatine fossa and foramen rotundum.