The protective effect of DNase I in retinal vein occlusion

Authors

  • Guohua Deng Department of Ophthalmology, Changzhou Third People’s Hospital, Changzhou Medical Center, Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China
  • Xi Zou Department of Ophthalmology, Changzhou Third People’s Hospital, Changzhou Medical Center, Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China
  • Zhinan Liu Department of Ophthalmology, Changzhou Third People’s Hospital, Changzhou Medical Center, Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China
  • Hang Ren Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
  • Yanting Li Department of Ophthalmology, Suzhou Eye and ENT Hospital, Suzhou, China
  • Bin Chen Department of Ophthalmology, Suzhou Eye and ENT Hospital, Suzhou, China
  • Jun Zhang Department of Ophthalmology, Changzhou Third People’s Hospital, Changzhou Medical Center, Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17305/bb.2023.9780

Keywords:

Retinal vein occlusion (RVO), neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I)

Abstract

Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) ranks as the second most prevalent retinal vascular disease, following diabetic retinopathy. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play an important role in vascular diseases. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between NETs and RVO, and to discern the potential role of deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) in the prevention and treatment of RVO through the modulation of NETs. We analyzed circulating NETs biomarkers, namely cell-free DNA (cf-DNA), myeloperoxidase (MPO)-DNA, and neutrophil elastase (NE), in 30 RVO patients and 30 healthy individuals. We established an RVO mouse model using a retinal laser, and the mice were categorized into two groups: the DNase I group and the control group. Retinal images were taken at predetermined time points, and the state of the retinal vessels was assessed. Both tissue and blood samples were harvested for analysis of NETs expression through methods such as western blotting, immunofluorescence staining, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Our finding indicate an increase in circulating NETs biomarkers in human and mouse RVO cases, while also verifying the presence of NETs in the retinal thrombus of the RVO model. Both in vitro and in vivo tests revealed that DNase I attenuated NETs formation. Moreover, DNase I injections led to diminished NETs biomarker levels and a reduced duration of the thrombus after the RVO model establishment. Consequently, DNase I, a well-established modulator of NETs formation, might exhibit protective properties in the prevention and treatment of RVO.

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The protective effect of DNase I in retinal vein occlusion

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Published

11-03-2024

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Translational and Clinical Research

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How to Cite

1.
The protective effect of DNase I in retinal vein occlusion. Biomol Biomed [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 11 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];24(2):387–394. Available from: https://www.bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/9780